6年级上册/下册英语辅导习题

Unit 6  How do you feel?
Part A
一、主要词汇
        ①形容词:angry生气的  afraid害怕的  ill生病的  worried担心的
                  happy高兴的
   
二、课文导入
A
    Hey, let’s have some popcorn.
    Yum! I ’m so happy. I love popcorn!
    Here you are.【1】 I ’ll go and get some drinks. wait for me.【2】

    Hey, where is my popcorn?
    Yum! It was so good.
    What? How could you eat all the popcorn?!【3】We should share!

    Mum, if I feel angry, what should I do?【4】
    Well,first,take a deep breath. 【5】Then you should count to ten.
    After that...?
    After that, you won’t feel so angry.
    Mum, I feel ill. Should I count to ten,too?
    No,dear,you should see a doctor.
    
    1、Here you are!给你!
       这是一个部分倒装的句子。当句子以here,there,away等地点副词开头,且谓语动词是be动词,come,go等时,句子常用倒装结构。
       ①在倒装句中,如果主语是人称代词,则主语与谓语不倒装,构成“Here/there/away...+ 主语 + 谓语动词”部分倒装结构。
 例句:Here we are!我们到了!
       Away he went!他离开了!
       ②如果句子的主语为名词,句子常用完全倒装结构,即构成“here/there/away...+谓语动词+主语”结构。
 例句:Here comes the bus!公共汽车来了
       There goes Mike!麦克走去那边了

   2、wait 等待; wait for sb/sth 等待某人/某物

   3、How could you eat all the popcorn?!你怎么能吃光所有的爆米花?!
       特殊疑问代词how:如何(方式),怎样(感受),怎么可以(质问)
       Could是can的过去式
       这是一个由how引导的含有情态动词could的特殊疑问句,其基本句型为:how could + sb + 动词原形 + 其他?;该句型意为“某人怎么能做某事呢?” ,用于表示震惊、强烈反感或愤怒。其中could也可以换为can。
       How can you say that?你怎么可以说那样的话?!
       How can you eat up my apples?你怎么可以吃光我的苹果?!

  4、If I feel angry, what should I do?
      If,意为“如果......”
      Feel angry, “感觉是生气的/感觉很生气”
      Feel 是连系动词,连系动词兼有be动词和行为动词的双重性质。
      一方面连系动词后面和be动词一样,后要跟形容词作表语;
      另一方面,如果要将含有连系动词的句子改为疑问句或否定句,改法与含有行为动词的2类句子一样!
      I feel ill 我感觉是生病的/ 我感觉生病了!
      I don’t feel ill 我没感觉生病!
      Do you feel ill?你感觉生病了吗?
  
      What should I do?我应该做什么?

 

  5、Well,first,take a deep breath. 
     Well,常用在英语句子开头,无具体意思,相当于一个语气词!
     First,意为“第一” ,是one的序数词,“第一”经常引申为“首先”的意思,表示句子里的谓语动作是最先/第一个做的!
     Let ’s clean the bedroom first!让我们首先来打扫房间!


B
Sam:What’s this cartoon about?【1】
   Saran:It ’s about a cat. The cat is a police officer.
Sam:He chases the mice. They’re afraid of 【2】him.
   Saran:Why?
Sam:Because the mice are bad. They hurt people. The cat is angry with【3】 them.
   Saran:Maybe our cat is chasing a mouse now!【4】

      1、What’s this cartoon about?
         About,介词,意为“关于......的”.
         I want to see a film about space travel我想看一部太空旅行的电影
         Be about sth,“是关于......的”
         划线部分提问:It is about a cat.
                       What is it about?
      2、be afraid of... 对...是很害怕的;害怕......
         Children are always afraid of ghost.
         The mice are afraid of cats

      3、be angry with... 对...是很生气的;生....的气
         Because Mike doesn’t finish homework,the teacher is angry with him.
         She is angry with me
    
      4、Maybe our cat is chasing a mouse now!
         Maybe,意为“也许......”, 一般放在句首;
         Be+动词ing,表示“正在做......”;
         Sarah is watching TV in the living room
         Mike is reading bookstore in the study

 

巩固练习
一、单词
1、生气的_________  2、害怕的_________   3、担心的____________
4、穿____________   5、深的___________   6、呼吸____________
7、受伤__________   8、觉得感到_________ 9、担心____________
10、陷住_____       1 1、拉拽_______     12、有病的____________
13、mouse(复数)____________  14、hurt(过去式)____________

二、词组
1、看病____________ 2、深深吸一口气____________
3、数到十____________ 4、害怕___________ 5、过来____________       6、下一次____________  7、wear warm clothes____________
8、do more exercise____________9、感到生气____________

三、选择题
 (   )1.What’s the cat doing ? He is __________the__________.
A. chase  mouses     B. chasing  mice     C.chases  mousse
 (   )2.Look! How__________he students are on the playground!
A.ill                B. tired             C. happy
 (   )3.What’s__________with you?
A. sad      B. ill      C. wrong
 (   )4. Don’t__________.I will help you.
A. wrong       B. happy     C. Worry
 (   )5.Sarah feels ill. She should ________this morning.
   A. eat some fruit B.go to school  C.see the doctor
 (   )6.How ________ Sara feel?
   A.  do   B.does   C. did
 (   )7. __________are you going?
      A. Where       B. What       C. where
(   )8. We__________ alw ays be nice to each other.
      A. should     B. would   C. will
(   )9. My uncle is a fisherman.He works__________sea.
      A.in           B. at         C. on 
(   )10. My mother is angry__________me.
      A. fo r           B. of           C. with

四、按要求完成下列各题
1.The cat______ ______  ______him.  这只猫很生他的气。
2. I’m afraid of seeing a doctor. What should I do ?
You should ____  ___  ___ ____(深呼吸)and _____ to _____.(数到十)
3. His mother works in a hospital.(改为否定句)
_________________________________________
4. He feels happy. (就划线部分提问)
_________________________________________
5.Amy feels angry.(改为一般疑问句,并做肯定回答)
_________________________________________
   6、______ could you ______all the popcorn?!We should ______ !
 你怎么把所有的爆米花都吃了,我们应该分享的。

五、把相应的答句的序号填写在问句的括号内
1. (   )Where is the cinema?        A. He is happy.
2. (   )What should I do?           B. He is a businessman.
3. (   )How does he feel now?       C. Yes, he does.
4. (   )What does your father do?     D.You should see a doctor.
5. (   )Does he live in Beijing?       E.It’s next to the bookstore.
六、连词成句
1.talking ,are ,they, about ,books ,science 
___________________________________________
2 go, the, to ,can, zoo ,time, next ,we
___________________________________________
3.shall, to ,go, the ,today, cinema, we
__________________________________________
4. worried,   the,   are,   Amy,   and,   dog
___________________________________________
5.going,   Robin,   grass,   is,   sit,   to ,  the,   on. 
_ __________________________________________
七、阅读理解
        I’m happy today. Beacause I have no lessens on Saturdays. I get up very late. When I wash my face,it is about ten o'clock. So I have no time for my breakfast. My mother is not happy.She think it’s not heathy for me.I have chicken and rice for lunch.After that,I go to the park with my parents. It takes us about ten minutes to get there by  bi ke. There are many people in the park. There is a big lake in the middle of the park. Some children are swimming, some are boating with  their parents. I like boating very much. I want to boat, too. We have a good time there. How happy we are!
(   )1. I 'm boating in the park with my ______.
    A.good friends   B.father and mother   C.classmates   D.teachers 
(   )2. I often ______ on Saturdays.
     A. go to school  B. get up early  C. get up late  D. go to bed late
 (   )3. On Saturdays, there are _______ people in the park.
     A. much      B.very much   C.a little      D.lots of
(   )4. I like ______ very much.
     A.playing basketball   B.boats   C.swimming   D.boating
(   )5. I have no lessons ______.        
A.every day    B.today         C. on Sunday        D. today


         
Part B
一、主要词组
See a doctor看医生   do more exercise 做更多的运动   
Wear warm clothes穿暖和的衣服   take a deep breath深呼吸
Count to ten数到十

二、课文导入
Mum:Sarah,Sam,come here【1】,please.
Sarah:What’s wrong?【2】
Mum:Your father is ill.He should see a doctor this morning, so we can’t go to the zoo today.
Sam:Oh, no!
Mum:Don’t be sad. 【3】We can go next time.【4】
Sam:How does Dad feel now?【5】
Mum:Not well.Let’s go to the hospital!

1、come here,“来这里” ,反义词:go there “去那边”

2、What ’s wrong?直译:“ 什么是错的,有问题的?”
                       引申:“ 怎么了?/ 有什么问题?”
       它常用来询问对方所遇到的不开心或麻烦的事,也是医生或者护士询问病人病情时常用的句型。
       其后可以接上介词with,引入对象,“ what is wrong with sb/sth?” 。
       What is wrong with you?
       Mike broke my glasses,I feel angry.

       What is wrong with your computer?
       My computer doesn’t work.
 
   同义句:what is wrong with sb/sth? =  what is the matter with sb/sth?

   3、Don’t be sad!不要难过了!
      这是一个否定式的祈使句,祈使句没有主语,但默认的对象是“你”
      在祈使句中,don’t 后面可以加两类谓语动作,即1类含有be动词的状态类动作,也可以加2类含有行为动词的具体动作;
      Don’t  be angry 不要(是生气了的)状态 → 不要生气了
      Don’t  be worried 不要(是担心的)状态 → 不要担心
     
      Don’ t worry 不要担心
      Don’ t cry 不要哭

   4、next time 下一次
      Next,意为“下一个......” ,next weekend 下周末,next Monday 下一星期一
   5、How does dad feel now?
      这是用来询问某人感受的句型,既可以用来询问情绪,也可以用于询问身体状况。其基本句型为: How do/does sb feel+其他?,意为:某人感觉如何?
        回答: I feel happy.
划线部分提问: How do you feel?

               How does she feel?
               She feels hungry

三、read and write重要句子
    1、It is a sunny morning = it is sunny
   用来回答天气情况的句型.
  It’s + a + 描述天气的形容词 + morning/day/... = it is + 描述天气的形容词
  
   如果是询问的话,有两种句式表达:
   What is the weather like?= How is the weather? 天气如何?

       描述天气的形容词:sunny晴朗的  snowy下雪的  rainy下雨的
                         cloudy多云的 windy有风的
   
2、He is stuck in the mud. 他陷在泥里了;
   Be stuck in... 陷在....里
3、It is the ant and all of his friends.  原来是那个小蚂蚁和它的朋友们
       All of 全部的......
4、they pull Robin out of the mud 它们把罗宾从泥土里拉出来
   Pull ... out of sth 从...把...拉出来
   Pull out 拉出来, of 从......地方
   The monkey king throw Zac away of the tree
   I get out of the teacher’s office

四、story time重要句子
1、My favorite TV show is on soon 
   在这里,on 不是介词“在......上面”的意思,在这里它是形容词,意为“开着的;发生着的,正在进行中的”
   The light is on. 灯还开着

2、He must be making lots of popcorn
       Must也是情态动词,其后要加动词原形,意为“一定,必须”
       He is making lots of popcorn → He must be making lots of popcorn
       You are joking → you must be joking
3、I ’m a lttle worried now
   A little,意为“一点点......” , 可放在形容词或者不可数名词前面,表示一点点......
  I ’ a little hungry 我有一点点饿了
  There is a little water in the bottle 瓶子里还有一点点水
4、but they take a long time to grow
   这个句子的直译的意思是“它们要花上一段很长的生长时间”
                   也即是“它们要花上很长一段时间来生长”
   在这个句子里,to grow 是用修饰它前面的名词time,time to grow,即“生长的时间”, 用动词不定式后置的方式来修饰名词的做法是非常常见的。
   She make a decision to watch TV
                  名词   动词不定式
       I have a good friend to play with
                   名词 动词不定式

 

单元巩固练习
一、 看图片,写单词。
1.    2.     3.      4.    5. 
_____________   ___________       _______       _________     ____________        
二、选出不同类的单词,将代号填在上面。新|课   
1.                        2.                        3. 

 

            4.                            5.
                                
 

三、选词填空。
 
(    )1. My mother is going to buy me a new computer. I am very ____________.
(    )2. I broken my bottle. I feel ___________. 
(    )3. I am so __________. I want to eat some hot dogs.
(    )4. I don’t feel well. Maybe I am _______.
(    )5. The new teacher is very strict. I am _______ of him. 
四、读一读,用所给单词的正确形式填空。  
1. I’ll go and get some __________________. 
2.Please wait for _____________. 
3.Take a deep breath. Then you ___________ feel so angry.  
4. The mice ______________ not good.  
5.Maybe our cat is ______________the mice now.  
五、单项选择我最棒。
 1. My little puppy is ill. I am _____________. 
          A. happy               B. sad                      C. angry
 2.Sarah and her cat are _______________.
          A. worry               B. worried                   C. worries
 3. Come _____________, please.
          A. here                 B. to here                   C. there
 4. We can go ________ time. 
          A. last                  B. next                      C. on
 5. ---How_____________ Sam feel?---_________ is ill.
          A. do; She               B. does; She                  C. does; He
(  )6 The cat is angry________the mice. A to  B of  C with 
(  )7 The mice are afraid ________the cat. A to  B of  C with
(  )8 The mouse _______people.  A hurts    B hurts   C hurting
(  )9  The mice _______people.  A hurts    B hurts   C hurting
(  )10How ____Dad feel now?  A do  B does    C doing
六、根据汉语提示补全句子。
1. If you are ill, you should __________________________. (看医生)
2. If you want to be strong, you should ________________________. (做更多的锻炼)
3. If you feel cold, you should _____________________________. (穿更多的衣服)
4. If you are angry, you should _______________________(深吸一口气)and _______________. (数到十)
八、 情景选择我最棒。
 (  )1. 你想知道卡通片是关于什么的,你会问:___________
          A. What’s the cartoon?
          B. What’s the cartoon about?
          C. How is the cartoon?
(  )2. 猫对老鼠很生气, 应该这样说:_________
          A. The cat is angry with the mice.
          B. The mice are angry with the cat.
          C. The cat is angry to the mice.  
(  )3. 你想知道你朋友怎么了, 你会说:_______________
           A. What’s wrong?
           B. Do you feel ill?           C. Are you ill?
(  )4. 朋友的水杯不小心打碎了,你应该对她说:_________
           A. Don’t be happy.
           B. Don’t be sad.
           C. Don’t be angry.
九、 大家来找茬。 选出句子中错误的一项,并把正确答案写在横线上。
1. How do Sam feel now?                          
A   B     C                                         ______________
2. You should to see a doctor.
   A         B     C                                   ______________
3. What should I doing? 
    A    B     C                                        ______________
4. The cat is a police office.
  A       B       C                                     ______________
5. Because the mice is bad.
     A           B C                                     ______________
十、 按要求完成句子。
1.我怕这只狮子。(汉译英) I’m _____________ _____________ the lion.
2. How does your father feel? (用angry来回答) He ______________  _________________.
3. Amy is so happy. (写出反义句)Amy is so _______________.
4. The cartoon is about a cat and a mouse. (就画线部分提问)
____________  the cartoon ________________?
5. Xiaolin wants to be strong. (给他个合理的建议)  You ____________ do ___________ exercise.
十一、阅读短文, 判断句子对“T”错“F”。
It’s cold today. Mary feels cold and she can’t get up on time. Her mother asks her. “What’s wrong?”“I feel very cold. Maybe I am ill.” Mary answers. Her mother is worried and says,” Let’s go to the hospital and see a doctor. I’m sure you’ll be better soon.”
(    )1. What’s the weather like today?
          A. It’s cold          B. It’s cool.
(    )2. Can Mary get up on time?
          A. Yes, she can.      B. No, she can’t.
(    )3. What’s the wrong with Mary?
          A. She is ill.         B. She is happy.
(    )4. Where are Mary and her mother going?
          A. They are going to the hospital.     B. They are going to the zoo.
(    )5. How does Mary’s mother feel?
          A. She is angry.        B. She is worried. 
十二连词成句
1 of are They afraid him.________________________________
2 cat  with them is The angry ._______________________________________
3 is ill father Your ._________________________________________
4 a doctor see should  You morning this.__________________________________________

 

单元巩固练习二

Ⅰ.判断下列单词划线部分发音是否相同,相同的写T,不同的写F。
 (   ) 1. A. should   B. would   C. house   D. soup
 (   ) 2.A. angry    B. hungry  C. cry     D. story 
 (   ) 3.A. grass     B. class    C. glass    D. pass
 (   ) 4.A. next     B. sit     C. count    D. don’t
 (   ) 5.A. feel     B. meet    C. beef    D. deep

Ⅱ. 从下列每组单词中选出不同类的一项。
(   )1.A. work  B. pilot  C. postman  D. doctor   
(   )2.A. bus  B. plane  C. foot  D. taxi
(   )3.A. wear  B. where  C. what  D. how
(   )4. A. park  B. grass  C. flower  D. tree
(   )5.A. post office  B. cinema  C. science  D. hospital

Ⅲ. 选择题。
(   )1. I feel ill.I should      this morning.
      A. eat some fruit   B. go to school   C .see the doctor
(   )2. The cat is angry      them.
      A. for           B. of           C. with
(   )3. John’s mother buys him a new football.He is    . 
      A. angry         B. happy        C. good
(   )4. Don’t       .I won’t sit on you.
      A. wrong       B. happy     C. worry
(   )5. My father is a fisherman.He works      the sea.
      A.in           B. at         C. on 
(   )6. How      Sam feel?
      A. do          B. does       C. is
(   )7.       are you going?
      A. Where       B. What       C. where
(   )8. We ______ always be nice to each other.
      A. should     B. would   C. will
 (   )9. How do you get to the USA from China?          
      A. On foot      B. By bike     C. By plane
(   )10. Does he like singing?            
      A. Yes,she does.  B. No,he does.  C. No, he doesn’t.

Ⅳ.根据汉语提示,写出单词或者短语的正确形式。
      1.What are you going to do         ?(明天)
      2.The cat is          (害怕)of him.
      3.Mum is ill.Sarah is        .(难过的)
4.Zhang Peng likes                .(踢足球)
5.The little ant is          (担心的,发愁的)

Ⅴ. 把相应的答句的序号填写在问句的括号内。
1. (   )Where is the cinema?        A. He is happy.
2. (   )What should I do?           B. He is a businessman.
3. (   )How does he feel now?       C. Yes, he does.
4. (   )What does your father do?     D.You should see a doctor.
5. (   )Does he live in Linyi?        E.It’s next to the bookstore.

Ⅵ. 连词成句
1. take,   I ,  a,   deep,   should,   breath. ( . )
__________________________________________________________
2. worried,   the,   are,   Amy,   and,   dog. ( . )
__________________________________________________________
3.what,   if,   angry,   feel,   I,   should,   do,   I( ? )
__________________________________________________________
4.I,   should,   what,   do. ( ? )
__________________________________________________________
5.going,   Robin,   grass,   is,   sit,   to ,  the,   on. ( . )
__________________________________________________________

Ⅶ. 阅读理解
   I am a schoolboy. I have lessons from Monday to Friday. On Sunday morning, I usually get up very late. I wash my face and then go out to do morning exercises. It is about nine o'clock. After I eat my breakfast. I often go to the park with my parents. The park is not far (远) from our home, so we go there by bike. It takes us about ten minutes to get there by bike. There are many people in the park. They are men and women, old and young. Parents must look after their children. There is a big lake in the middle of the park. Some children are swimming, some are boating with their parents. I like boating very much. I want to boat, too. My parents buy three tickets. We have a good time there. How happy we are!
(   )1.I have lessons ______days a week.
      A. four      B.five         C. six        D. seven
(   )2. I often ______ on Sundays.
      A. go to school  B. get up early  C. get up late  D. go to bed late
 (   )3. On Sundays, there are _______ people in the park.
     A. much      B.very much   C.a little      D.lots of
(   )4. I like ______ very much.
     A.playing basketball   B.boats   C.swimming   D.boating
(   )5. I 'm boating in the park with my ______.
     A.good friends   B.father and mother   C.classmates   D.teachers 

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